The Comparative Study of the People's Status in Theories of Democracy and in Imam Khomeini's Political Thought

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Assistant Professor in Department of Political Sciences; Baqer al-Uloom University, Qom, Iran

10.22081/jips.2021.72943

Abstract

One of the most important pillars of Imam Khomeini's political thought is the people's role in the Islamic state. Similarly, in theories of democracy, in spite of different perceptions of it, the principle of people's governance has been accepted. By comparing theories of democracy and Imam Khomeini's theory on religious state and its legitimacy, we may find out the similarities and differences of these two views regarding people's role in the government. In theories of democracy, the legitimacy of the political system, the rulers' legitimacy and the legitimacy of the processes of decision-making are all contingent upon people's consent; and accordingly, people play a decisive and effective role in each of those levels. In Imam Khomeini's view, however, the legitimate political system in the Occultation Period is a system based on the [qualified] jurist's authority, and other regimes – even though people are satisfied with it – are instances of the tyrant regime. Accordingly, people's role in the legitimacy of the political system is restricted to accepting it and preparing the ground for its realization; however, they have an important role in legitimizing the ruling jurist and in the process of decision-making, and their right to participation has been considered in these two steps.

Keywords


  1. ʽ ʽA. (1381 SH). Bunyādhāyi ʽIlm Siyāsat. Tehran: Ney Publications.
  2. Firahi, D. (1384 SH). Niẓām Siyāsī wa Dowlat dar Islām (3rd). Tehran: Samt Publications.
  3. Kadiwar, M. (1380 SH). Naẓariyahāyi Dowlat dar Fiqh Shīʽ Tehran: Ney Publications.
  4. Mir-Ahmadi, M. (1386 SH). “Imāmat wa Muʼallifahāyi Dimukrāsī” in Qabasāt (45), pp. 125-152.
  5. Cohen, C. (2014). Democracy (Trans. Mokhber, A). Ney Publications.
  6. Macpherson, C.B. (1964). The Real World of Democracy (Trans. Maʿnawi, A). Tehran: Agah.
  7. David, H. (2006). Models of Democracy (Trans. Mokhber, A). Tehran: Roshangaran.
  8. Huntington, S. (1991). Democracy's Third Wave (Trans. Shahsa, A.). Tehran: Rowzana.
  9. Beetham, D. (1999). Democracy and Human Rights (Trans. Delafrouz, M.T.). Tehran: Tarh Now.
  10. Arblaster, A. (2002). Democracy (Trans. Mortazawi, H.). Tehran: Ashiyan.
  11. Vincent, A. (1991). Theories of the State (Trans. Bashiriya, H.). Tehran: Ney Publications.
  12. Dogan, M. (2000). "Testing the Concepts of Legitimacy and Trust" in Political-Economic Information. 97-98 (pp. 4-10).
  13. Copleston, F. C. (1946). A History of Philosophy (Trans. Amir Aʿlam, J.). Tehran: Soroush.
  14. Rousseau, J. J. (1762). Social Contract (Trans. Zirak-zada, Gh.). Tehran: Adib.
  15. Abul-Hamd, A. (1353 SH). Mabānī Siyā Tehran: Tus.
  16. Bashiriya, H. (1381 SH). Darshāyī az Demukrāsī Barayi Hama. Tehran: Nigah Moʿ
  17. Haqiqat, Ṣ. (1382 SH). “Dar Bāb Nisbat Snajī Dīn wa Dimukrāsī” in Surūsh Andīsha (7 & 8), pp. 72-87.
  18. Hatami, M. R. (1384 SH). Mabānī Mashrūʿiyyat Ḥukūmat dar Andīshayi Siyāsī Shīʽ Tehran: Majd Publications.
  19. Imam Khomeini, R. (1385 AH). Ar-Rasā’il. Qom: Ismaʿ
  20. Imam Khomeini, R. (1385 SH). Ṣaḥifa Imā Tehran: Institute for Compiling and Publishing Imam Khomeini’s Works.
  21. Imam Khomeini, R. (1415 AH). Al-Makāsib al-Muḥ Tehran: Institute for Compiling and Publishing Imam Khomeini’s Works.
  22. Imam Khomeini, R. (1421 AH). Al-Bayʿ. Tehran: Institute for Compiling and Publishing Imam Khomeini’s Works.
  23. Rajaʼi, F. (1372 SH). Taḥawwul Andīsha dar Sharq Bāstā Tehran: Qūmis.