Document Type : Original Article
Associate Professor in the Research Center of the Islamic Sciences and Culture/ Qom, Iran
This article aims at presenting the viewpoint of the transcendental philosophy regarding the political theory. The article claims that, regarding the origin of the political theory, the transcendental theosophy has a paradigmatic view in relation to the common viewpoint of the philosophy of social sciences. To do so, we have used the documentary method and, by referring to the claims of the political transcendental philosophers, have sought to investigate our claim to show that the transcendental philosophy, unlike what Karl Popper maintains, regards the origin of the theory among the issues related to the philosophy of the social sciences, not a psychological issue. From the findings of this article, we can conclude that the transcendental philosophy does not restrict itself, in constructing the political theory, to just the creative role of the mind. Rather, it considers the role of creative inspirations as well. Accordingly, it considers both constructing the political theory and testing it as one of the methodological issues. Among the achievements of this point, we can refer to the relationship of the logical aspects and ontological aspects of the subjects in philosophy of the social sciences.