Shariʿa and the Social Justice

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Professor in Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology/ Baqer al-Uloom University, Qom, Iran.

10.22081/jips.2021.72281

Abstract

In the contemporary era, the social justice has been focus of special attention, and explained and interpreted variously in the form of the theories of justice. In the climate of the Islamic thought, the belief in the perfection of Shariʿa and the capacity of the Islamic teachings for optimal management of the human societies has brought about a belief in self-sufficiency of Shariʿa and no need to any attempt for some movements such as identity neo-Salafism. In the present article, while explaining the view of identity neo-Salafism regarding the status of Shariʿa in establishing justice with a focus on Sayyid Quṭb's thought, we attempt to explore various aspects of the discussion on the relationship between Shariʿa and social justice. In this way, we try to present a vivid picture of the function of jurisprudence and Shariʿa in the sphere of establishing social justice as defined by Islam.

Keywords


Ali Akbariyan, H. (1386 SH). Qāʿida ʿIdālat dar Fiqh Imāmiyya. Qom: Research Center of Islamic Sciences and Culture.
Bukhari, M. I (1333 AH). Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī (exposition by Muhyuddin Sharif alNawawi). Cairo.
Hamadani, ʿI. M. (1399 SH). Taʾammulāt. Hamadan: Bahār Ḥikmat Publications.
Khaduri, M. (1394 SH). Bardāsht-i Musalmānān az ʿIdālat (Trans. Yunesi, M. and Zahiri, S.). Qom: Mufid University Publications.
Majlesi, M. B. (1403 AH). Biḥār al-Anwār, vol.2. Beirut: Dār al-Iḥyā al-Turāth al-ʿArabī.
Muntazeri, H. (1362 SH). Collection of Articles. Qom: Jāmiʿa Mudarrisīn Publication.
Muntazeri, H. (1371 SH). Collection of Works, vol.4. Tehran: Ṣadrā Publications.
Muntazeri, H. (1378 SH). Yāddāshthāy-i Ustād Muṭahharī. Tehran: Ṣadrā Publications.
Muntazeri, H. (1415 AH). Dirāsāt fī Wilāyat al-Faqīh wa Fiqh al-Dowla al-Islāmiyya. Qom: Tafakkur Nashr.   
Mutahhari, M. (1395 SH). Niẓām-i Ḥuqūq Zan dar Islām. Qom: Jāmiʿa Mudarrisīn Publication.
Sadr, S. M. B. (1405 AH). Buḥuth fī ʿIlm al-Uṣūl (annotations: Hashemi, S. M). Qom: Maktab al-Aʿlām al-Islāmī.
Sayyid Qutb. (1378 SH). Nishānihāy-i Rāh (Trans. Mahmudi, M.). Tehran: Ihsān Publications.
Sayyid Qutb.. (1392 SH). ʿIdālat Ijtimāʿī dar Islām (Trans. Girami, M. and Khosro-shahi, S. H.) Qom: Būstān Kitāb.
Sheikh Ansari. (1419 AH). Farāʾid al-Uṣūl. Qom: Majmaʿ al-Fikr al-Islāmī.
Tabatabaʾi, S. M. H. (1397 SH). Al-Mīzān fī Tafsīr al-Qurʾān. Tehran: Dār al-Kutub al-Islāmiyya.
Tizini, T. (1997 AH). Al-Naṣṣ al-Qurānī Amām Ishkāliyya alBaniyya wal-Qirāʾa. Damascus: Dār al-Yanābīʿ.
Vaezi, A. (1398 SH). Rūykardhāyi Fiqhī. Qom: Būstān Kitāb.