The Comparative Study of the Political Interpretation of the Quran in Yūsuf Qarḍāwi and ʿAllāmam Ṭabāṭabā's Thought

Document Type : Original Article

Author

PhD of Studies on Islamic Revolution; University of Islamic Teachings; al-Muṣṭafā International Academy, Qom, Iran

10.22081/jips.2021.71484

Abstract

The present study aims at a comparative investigation of the political interpretation of the Quran in Yūsuf Qaḍāwī's thought and that of ʿAllāma Ṭabāṭabāʾī. Accordingly, we have dealt with an investigation of the Quran's influential intellectual features and political interpretation in the opinions of those two thinkers. The research method is based on the author-centered intentionalist reading model. In this model, the dominant political discourse of the time, the thinker's intention in writing, a thinker's mental world and his intellectual features influence the way of his political interpretation of the Quran. The results showed that in Qarḍāwī's view, Islam is both a religion and a political system. The Islamic state is a civil state and governs according to the Islamic laws and decrees. In ʿAllāmah Ṭabāṭabāʾī's thought, religion has a social tint, and the politics and government have a secondary status and are among necessities of the society. ʿAllāmah's approach originates from the Shiite thought and Qarḍāwī's approach originates from the Sunnite one. The philosophical discussions in ʿAllāmah's social and political thought are highlighted, and the jurisprudential, the number of legal and independent discussions pertaining to political system and government is much more in Qarzāwī's thought compared to ʿAllāmah Ṭabāṭabāʾī. In both thinkers' thought, government is necessary for society and orientation of the political system is a divine orientation in the Quran's view. The Islamic state and the related discussions are found in the Quran, and 'the Quran' is the criterion for action in the Islamic society and government. The efforts of the two thinkers focus on offering a pure, genuine, constructive, motivating and system-making image of the Quran.

Keywords


The Holy Quran
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