Shiism and political affairs in the era of the presence of Shiite Imams

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Faculty of Contemporary Philosophy, Baqir al-Olum University, Qom, Iran.

10.22081/jips.2020.69371

Abstract

Islam has a political and social aspect in its essence and by no means, it is not considered as a purely spiritualistic and individualistic religion.  The political legacy of Muhammad (PBUH) appears both in his holy book and in his nation and the political community that he provided to Medina during his ten years of migration.  Hence, political affairs are intertwined with the history of Islam, and not only the social developments of Muslims, but also many religious divisions are influenced by political affairs. The present article is to take the role and function of politics, and political affairs into consideration in the Shiite world and in the early centuries of Islam and the time of the presence of the innocent and innocent Shiite Imams.  The author tries to study the role of politics in the emergence of Shiism, and the sectarianization of Shiites by referring to narrative and historical sources and analyzing them appropriately, and by reviewing the political affairs and policy of Shiite Imams, the evidence shows that these political behaviors can be classified according to which political approaches and strategies. The consideration of the identity of Shiites on the eve of the beginning of the Absence and the political strategy drawn by the Imams for the Shiites in the era of the Absence is also the focus of this article.

Keywords


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